Most of the characteristics are adjectives and don't easily turn into pretty/accepted nouns.
Weather is primitive
Or weather remains intractable.
If you are desperate for a noun situation, perhaps use the adjective to modify a placeholder noun such like nature or character.
or unstable nature
or stubborn nature.
If you do want actual nouns, perhaps a few useful options remain. Here are some options that appear in dictionaries... but don't have their own definition given apart from the adjectives...
living in a state of nature and not ordinarily tame or domesticated (m-w)
tumultuous; turbulent (Dictionary.com)