I'm writing an academic article for journal publication. My field is social science, and the article is submitted to an American journal.
One of the reviewers suggested using the past tense ("were limited" and "were not investigated") in the following paragraph. This is the minimum working example (MWE).
Someone (1990) studied X. [...] However, the study is limited to proposing only a theoretical framework for the problem of X. As a result, the impact of the framework in practice is not investigated.
Actually, I've confirmed that "the impact of the framework" has not been investigated at this moment, by checking all the publications from the research group after 1990.
Then, I can agree with the reviewer because the study "Someone (1990)" is done in the past, in 1990. But if I use the past tense here, it sounds like the limitation is something in the past, hence does not exist now. This is not what I want to communicate.
Which tense should I use for this situation?
Note: I'm not a native speaker.