We dined with Trevor the following Monday.
I'm doing a test to figure out whether the constituent "with Trevor" is an adjunct or complement to the verb "dine". It is called the "did so" test as some of you may know.
So my question is, are the following sentences correct?
- As I dined with Trevor, Mary did so with Matt. (did so= dined)
- I dined with Trevor on Monday, while Mary did so on Wednesday. (did so= dined with Trevor)
Here are my definitions of adjuncts and complements: adjuncts are peripheral items not lexically required by the verb (predicator), while complements are required to complete the sense of the verb. For example, the verb "put" requires a complement: He put the book on the table, where "on the table" is a prepositional phrase functioning as a complement. You can't say **He put the book.*
So, my doubt is whether "with Trevor" in the first sentence is a complement (or argument) to the verb "dine", or just an adjunct. I hope that's clear.