I'm a biologist, and when we give scientific presentations it is often convenient to talk about evolution in the context of it trying to 'achieve something', like it has conscious 'agency'. We of course know that this isn't the case, it's just an easy way to frame a point.
We might say:
The bacteria is trying to become more resistant to antibiotics.
So my question is: is there a specific word for giving abstract concepts (e.g. evolution) an agency?
The only one that springs to mind is personification, but to my mind that only applies if you are giving the subject people-like traits?