I'm editing this sentence:

Keep in mind that the judge, and probably a law clerk too, [have/has] read your ?>papers and submissions and [are/is] familiar with the case."

The question is whether the 'have' and 'are' should be singular referring to the judge, or plural because there's reference to the clerk as well. To me, it reads better in the singular since the clerk is added as an aside. Which is correct in this situation?

closed as off-topic by TimLymington, NVZ, curiousdannii, user140086, BladorthinTheGrey Jan 7 '17 at 10:38

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    I'm in the "have" and "are" camp, as "and" includes the law clerk (even if you wrote "perhaps" instead of "probably"). I would also use "as well" instead of "too." If you lean strongly towards using the singular for stylistic purposes or for emphasis, just eliminate reference to the law clerk. – Mark Hubbard Jan 6 '17 at 16:14
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    Though this is a good question, I have to vote to close as primarily opinion-based, unless you can provide some specific meaning of 'correct'. – TimLymington Jan 6 '17 at 16:19
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    There is a tension between 'coordinated subjects take a plural verb-form unless treated as notionally singular' and 'parentheticals don't cause adjustment for agreement'. Doubtless opinions will differ over how much of a parenthetical 'and probably a law clerk too' is, but I've never been happy with 'because it is/isn't' answers here. – Edwin Ashworth Jan 6 '17 at 16:59
  • I posted it because I figured there was a correct answer due to the parenthetical nature of the law clerk. I didn't know if there was some rule to rely on. – mightyoscar Jan 6 '17 at 17:45