I am working through sentence diagrams and continue to have trouble determining when a construction is an infinitive verbal or if it is simply a prepositional phrase.

Example 1:

"Stephanie likes to fix cars"

As per my book, the answer is that "to fix cars" is an infinitive verbal.

Example 2:

"The stain, the sticky spot, needs to be cleared"

As per my book, the answer is that "to be cleared" is simply a preposition.

Any guidance will be much appreciated!

thank you

  • What's the name of the book? Why does it say "to be cleared" is simply a preposition? Please edit your question. – user140086 Jan 5 '17 at 6:43
  • To fix cars and to be cleared are both to-infinitival clauses. The "to" functions as a clause subordinator, not a preposition. – BillJ Jan 5 '17 at 12:14

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