As we know the term 'et al 'is used frequently to denote a team along with a specific person,how is it actually pronounced?

For eg.Sir William Brown et al have conducted extensive studies on black holes.

I have heard the pronunciation as 'et al' itself and usages like 'and others'.How should it be correctly pronounced?

  • 2
    Did you check a dictionary? You can find audio here.
    – Laurel
    Dec 14, 2016 at 19:24
  • Whatever the many 'proper' suggestions, translating to English, the full Latin, et cetera and so on, I've only ever heard or said /ɛt æl/.
    – Mitch
    Dec 14, 2016 at 22:08
  • 1
    I've never heard it pronounced as anything other than "et all" as if the "al" was the word "all" Dec 14, 2016 at 22:44

3 Answers 3


The way to pronouce 'et al.' is given in many dictionaries. For instance Cambridge.

If you are asking whether you should actually say 'et al.' or something different, that is up to you. Academia has a close question: 'et al' in presentation speech, and the remarks there suggest 'and others', 'and coauthors', and the accepted answer suggests 'and his/her group/coauthors/colleagues'.

You could say: "Sir William Brown and (his) coauthors'. However, you can just say "Sir William Brown et al."

  • Welcome to the site @Claire!
    – AAM111
    Dec 14, 2016 at 21:10

"et al." is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term "et alii" (or "et alia") - same as you would say "et cetera" when reading aloud the "etc." abbreviation.

Alternatively, you could say "and others" - same as you would say "for example" when reading aloud the "e.g." abbreviation.

  • 1
    This answer contains no reference. I read aloud et al. as et all. Dec 27, 2016 at 14:00
  • In England, you will occasionally hear speakers pronounce ‘i.e.’ and ‘e.g.’ as the names of those alphabetical letters. E.g. “aye ee” and “ee gee”. Indeed, I'll do it occasionally, but I rarely use those except in written form. Mar 23, 2017 at 2:24
  • One correction: et alii is the correct form for human beings. Et alia is neuter plural, which is never used for citations... unless robots or abstract energy beings coauthored the paper.
    – Fomalhaut
    Aug 30, 2017 at 2:08

If you must pronounce it, it is quite straightforward: ‘et’ as in ‘etiquette’, ‘al’ as in ‘Alexander’.

But I always discouraged my students from speaking Latin, and suggested they said “and coworkers” instead. In the context of quoting a paper, then “and co-authors”, as @JanusBahsJacquet suggested, would be better.

  • Saying “and coworkers” is probably not a very good idea, since co-authors and co-editors of a volume (or article) are frequently not coworkers. Dec 14, 2016 at 20:05
  • @JanusBahsJacquet — In the specific context of citing a paper — which is what the question was about — I agree. I think the context of my recollections was student seminars, where the reference was more to work from a particular lab.
    – David
    Dec 14, 2016 at 20:10

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