21

I want to connect the following sentences with an appropriate word.

Violation of rights triggers war. Prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

Is the antonym of likewise suitable for this?

  • 4
    What are you asking here? Is it the question in the title, or the question in the text? You could just use likewise here instead of anything else. – BladorthinTheGrey Nov 21 '16 at 17:24
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    Au contraire! Or on the contrary, if you want to avoid borrowings from French. But I think you'd probably do better with something like correspondingly or conversely in your context (i.e. - the two things being juxtaposed are actually more "similar" than "different"). – FumbleFingers Nov 21 '16 at 17:25
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    @FumbleFingers I think "on the contrary" is out of court: that denies the prior statement rather than extending it. – StoneyB Nov 21 '16 at 17:43
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    @StoneyB: I was thinking in terms of A: I think Trump is an idiot!, B: Likewise, C: Au contraire! I think he's clever enough to beat both the Democrats and the Republicans to the White House! – FumbleFingers Nov 21 '16 at 18:25
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    Clearly, the opposite of likewise is hatedumb. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Nov 21 '16 at 21:05
55

I would consider Conversely.

As defined on Vocabulary.com:

It is often used to introduce an idea that is different from one stated before.

  • 1
    This is the best option, in my opinion. In the language of mathematical logic, the first proposition is A->B while the second one is notA->notB. In logic, the technical term for this is indeed "converse" - the second proposition is the converse of the first one. – Felix Goldberg Nov 22 '16 at 11:32
  • @FelixGoldberg Is not the converse of A->B B->A, and notA->notB the contrapositive of B->A? Is notAnot->B the same as notA->notB? – Richard Kayser Nov 23 '16 at 5:12
  • @RichardKayser Good point - I automatically identify a statement with its contrapositive so I was somewhat abusing the terminology. Still, I think it holds up. P.S. Hempel's paradox shows the peril of taking my approach too far... – Felix Goldberg Nov 23 '16 at 8:55
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    @msam That's why I suggest to use the term "converse". Anyone who has studied logic knows that the converse of a proposition neither denies nor implies it - the use of converse stresses this fact. – Felix Goldberg Nov 23 '16 at 12:42
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    @FelixGoldberg But this is not the converse, it is the inverse. The converse of A->B is B->A as pointed out by Richard Kayser . I am not too sure "inversely" would be easily understood though. – msam Nov 23 '16 at 17:04
33

A useful word you rarely see is contrariwise:

'I know what you're thinking about,' said Tweedledum; 'but it isn't so, nohow.'

'Contrariwise,' continued Tweedledee, 'if it was so, it might be; and if it were so, it would be; but as it isn't, it ain't. That's logic.'

Violation of rights triggers war. Contrariwise, prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

But that "prevention of violation of" excites horror aequi. It would be more graceful and more emphatic to write

Violation of rights triggers war. Contrariwise, preventing violation of rights prevents war.

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    'Contrariwise' is a much rarer than 'conversely'. Also it sounds a bit too 'Alice in Wonderland' – Mitch Nov 21 '16 at 17:52
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    I strongly second "conversely" as the more comfortable choice, even though on reading the OP, I also immediately said "contrariwise" in my head. To stick closely to the antonym of likewise, "contrarily" may be the most accurate choice that doesn't sound a bit to "Alice in Wonderland." – Xodarap777 Nov 21 '16 at 23:48
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    @Xodarap777 But contrarily primarily suggests not the antonym of likewise but other senses of contrary -- opposed to what is usual or conventional, or FumbleFingers' "on the contrary". That's why contrariwise is useful. :) – StoneyB Nov 21 '16 at 23:59
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    I disagree. Contrarily is most certainly "an" antonym of likewise, though it isn't as directly opposite as contrariwise. "Do you feel likewise?" "No, I feel contrarily." "Beautiful and slender, she was likewise deadly" vs. "Beautiful and slender, she was contrarily harmless." "Likewise for X,..." vs "Contrarily for X,..." The only instance wherein I wouldn't substitute contrarily as an antonym is the strange use of "likewise" as an exclamation, but I would find it strange, too, if someone used "Contrariwise!" as a single-word sentence indicating disagreement! – Xodarap777 Nov 22 '16 at 0:08
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    @nekomatic Not academic? It may not be used in your field, but I've employed it in LitCrit for forty years, and in Google Books I find scores of contemporary instances (and not just in transcriptions/translations of old texts or works by non-native speakers) in works on history, philosophy, neurology, economics, law, biology--and even rock and roll: "And contrariwise, musically untrained rock lovers could still appreciate the finesse and craftsmanship of classier numbers that graced the Billboard Top 100." – StoneyB Nov 22 '16 at 16:14
6

Is the antonym of likewise suitable for this?

No. An antonym to likewise would be something like:

conversely, otherwise, differently, however, contrarily,
contrariwise, on the contrary, oppositely ...

This would indicate that one statement in some way "excludes" the other statement.

What you really want to convey, is that the two statements are "similar" or "related", and that one statement follows from the other.

I think consequently or even simply the word so fits to link the two sentences:

Violation of rights triggers war, consequently, prevention of violation of rights prevents war. Violation of rights triggers war, so, prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

2

I would eliminate the initial period following the first 'war', insert a comma, and use the words 'while the' to connect the two sentences into one. And then I'd likely find another way to avoid the redundancy of the term 'violation of rights' by turning into 'prevention of rights violations', or finding another way to not use the words 'prevention' and 'prevents' in the very same sentence. Perhaps substituting 'deters' for the second prevents. Thus: Violation of rights triggers wars, while the prevention of rights violations deters war.

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    Welcome to ELU. But what is the answer to the question? I think you're saying it's while, although that isn't obviously an antonym of likewise. – Andrew Leach Nov 21 '16 at 23:39
  • Yes it is - I've often seen while used in this way, i.e. as a replacement for whereas. – reinierpost Nov 22 '16 at 10:36
2

I would use furthermore (which isn't an antonym of likewise)

furthermore
in addition to what has been said

Violation of rights triggers war. Furthermore, prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

On the other hand also suits well, in my opinion.

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    Though it should be noted that "furthermore" is not an antonym of "likewise". – Hot Licks Nov 21 '16 at 21:32
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    But it really isn’t further, it’s just an implication of what has already been said. – Jim Nov 21 '16 at 23:53
  • @Jim -- causality doesn't work like that. Cutting off your head would certainly kill you -- but refraining from cutting off your head would not bestow immortality. – Malvolio Nov 23 '16 at 5:41
  • @Malvolio - Not at all the same thing. Here the implication is that since violation triggers war, if there is no violation no war is triggered ( at least not from a violation of rights perspective) – Jim Nov 23 '16 at 6:38
  • That's what I mean: there are lots of ways a war could be triggered. There was once a war over a soccer game. – Malvolio Nov 23 '16 at 7:10
2

Near Antonyms: contrarily, conversely, inversely, oppositely, vice versa; diversely, unequally, variously

Antonyms: differently, dissimilarly, otherwise

1

I believe "however" works as an antonym for "likewise;" however, I believe a different conjunctive adverb would fit such as "in addition" albeit "in addition" works like "likewise."

Violation of rights triggers war; however, prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

Violation of rights triggers war; in addition, prevention of violation of rights prevents war.

0

I agree that likewise suits this sentence fine.

"Violation of rights triggers war. Likewise, prevention of violation of rights prevents war."

You could even just use a semicolon: "Violation of rights triggers war; preventing that violation prevents war."

But to answer the question, an antonym of likewise would be nonetheless, meaning "in spite of that."

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nonetheless "sometimes you can be a real jerk, but I like you nonetheless" "it was the barest of welcomes, but it was a welcome nonetheless"

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