I know the title is a bit confusing, English is not my first language. Basically, I'll explain what I mean with a few examples below:

Gramograms - words that sound like letters.(i.e 'are' and 'R', 'cue' and 'q', 'bee' and b. You get the point)

Homonyms - words that sound alike but have different meanings('accept' and 'except', 'die' and 'dye', etc)

Palindromes - words that are spelled the same backwards. ('racecar', 'radar', 'level', are all spelled backwards the same)

Misnomers - a word or term that suggests a meaning that is known to be wrong('Funny bone' isn't a bone but a nerve, 'French Horns' are actually German, 'Koala bears' aren't beards, etc)

Autonyms - word that expresses a property that it also possesses("word" is a word, "English" is in English, "pentasyllabic" has 5 syllabels, etc)

I have two question:

  1. Is there a full list of these? What others do you know of?
  2. Is there a word for words that describe words?

closed as too broad by Helmar, Edwin Ashworth, user140086, curiousdannii, Mitch Nov 9 '16 at 16:08

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • I've never seen anything that seems like a reasonably comprehensive list. – Hot Licks Nov 8 '16 at 1:56
  • If no one seems to have a list, perhaps we should attempt to make one? I really want a list like that. – michelle fanter Nov 8 '16 at 1:57
  • Although lists are a common "question" type in other SE domains, I'm not sure that they are allowed in EL&U. – Hot Licks Nov 8 '16 at 2:03
  • Would your list include all metalinguistic categories, for example words for grammatical categories (e.g. "articles" and "prepositions") and words like "monosyllabic" and "polysyllabic"? Or just the exotic varieties that have -nym, -nom, -gram, etc. affixation? – GoldenGremlin Nov 8 '16 at 2:07
  • 1
    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it is a request for resources. – Edwin Ashworth Nov 9 '16 at 0:13

I don't know of a single, comprehensive list but the Linguistic morphology page on Wikipedia seems like a good starting point.

It includes a link to the Types of words page, which includes many -nyms.

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