"Right" is to "righteous" as "wrong" is to _______?
What sparked my question was variation in translations of Psalm 1 where the righteous is contrasted with the wicked, the ungodly, sinners... I realized there is no wrongeous and wondered why, and what is the direct opposite of righteous. The Hebrew source I am sure has linguistic etymology at play in translations. This was just what sparked my curiosity as to the English direct antonym of righteous.
There seems to be no English word for one who does wrong that contains the word wrong in it, like righteous contains right. I looked for an antonyms of righteous, but don't find any parallel adjectives.
- (of a person or conduct) morally right or justifiable; virtuous.
"he is a good, righteous man, I am sure"
synonyms: good, virtuous, upright, upstanding, decent; More ethical, principled, moral, high-minded, law-abiding, honest, honorable, blameless, irreproachable, noble; saintly, angelic, pure "righteous living" justifiable, justified, legitimate, defensible, supportable, rightful; admissible, allowable, understandable, excusable, acceptable, reasonable "righteous anger"
antonyms: sinful, unjustifiable
If a person who does right is righteous, then I thought the closest parallel antonym might be wrong-doers. However, in looking at they etymology, it seems that the -eous ending connotates both doing (manner) and being (state).
Old English rihtwīs, from riht ‘right’ + wīs ‘manner, state, condition’ The change in the ending in the 16th century was due to association with words such as bounteous.
So what English word would be the antonym for righteous that would be self contained and connote both wrong doing and wrong
1 Provisional citation : Oxford Living Dictionaries