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There are 2 statements. I am not sure which one is right.

Who does this pen belong to?

To whom does this pen belong?

Please explain both according to British grammar especially according to relative pronoun?

marked as duplicate by Helmar, tchrist Sep 22 '16 at 13:09

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Strictly speaking, the second is correct (BTW they're questions, not statements). However, no-one would ask such a question in ordinary conversation unless they were using very formal language for fun. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/usage/who-or-whom

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