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What is the difference between the two statements?

  1. I saw you recently
  2. I have seen you recently

Are both the statements correct? If correct, then why?

Explain the difference between specified timing and unspecified timing with examples.

marked as duplicate by NVZ, Phil Sweet, Scott, curiousdannii, Helmar Sep 10 '16 at 12:00

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    Hi Nikita, welcome to English Language & Usage. You may not be aware that homework or proofreading questions ("Is this correct?", "Are there any mistakes?") are off-topic unless you identify a particular problem of English language or usage in the text. I encourage you to take the Tour of this site. If it's not a question for "linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts", a better place to ask it might be English Language Learners. – Chappo Sep 9 '16 at 10:58
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Grammatically, they are written correctly. However, each has a different meaning.

The first one is Past Tense. That means the action of the person seeing you started and ended before now, which is some specific time in the past. The adverb recently tells to what extent the person saw you. The adverb is modifying the verb saw to mean "not long ago."

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/recently

The other sentence uses the Present Perfect Tense, which can mean two things, an action that started and ended at no definite time in the past OR an action that started in the past and continues up to now. I'm sure for your sentence, it means an action that started and ended at no definite time in the past.

You see, the Past Tense has a definite time in the past. For example, the person saw you at exactly 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon; with the other, there is no definite time. You may wonder why is that important about what time in the past?

Watch...

Speaker: The police are looking for Jim. I think he's in trouble.

Alex: Wow! I saw him yesterday at the gym. [a specific time]

Carol: I have seen him at the library, but I forget when. [no specific time can be determined]

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Well both are correct, i mean they grammatically are. The first statement is a generalised way of implying that the process of 'seeing' happened sometimes in the past, while the second one emphasises on a more recentness of the act of being 'seeing' in respect of the present. For more clarification and understanding on this very subject, do look into the implications of a statement in Past Tense and that in a Present Perfect Tense in any book dealing with generative grammar. Hope I have been helpful to some extent. #Thank_You :)

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