The issue that I am having with my assimilation of knowledge of English grammar is not so much the actual content itself, but how the content is structured. You hear alot of words thrown around, such as nouns, verbs and adjectives, modifiers, are propositions, Gerunds, declaratives, interrogatives, and 1000 more. My initial plan was to learn these terms almost at random because I thought it would be obvious what it's connection would be, I was extremely wrong. So I ended up taking some courses, and it seems to give some structure to all these terms, however, its only partial and there are many gaps that need to be filled.
So basically I want some sort of hierarchy, starts with morphemes at one end, sentences in the other, and that shows the types of entities (like words) at the respective level.