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"I will have done it" or "I will have it done"? What's the difference? I found that future perfect sentence structure is:

Subject + will have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

(http://www.studyandexam.com/future-perfect-tense.html) but I often hear "I will have it done". Which one is the correct form? Maybe both?

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Both are correct.

The first sentence states that by an undefined time you yourself will have performed a certain task.

The second sentence states that you are undertaking to ensure that the task is performed, even if you don't do it yourself.

  • And if task can be performed only by me? Like "I will have finished my project by then"? Is "I will have my project finished by then" incorrect? – k_wit Aug 31 '16 at 17:42
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I think putting it into context makes the difference:

Person A: "I need [something] done by lunchtime."

Person B: "I will have it done by then."

Implies that Person B had not necessarily planned to complete the task by lunchtime, but now will because Person A has explicitly asked.

Person A: "I need [something] done by lunchtime."

Person B: "I will have done it by then."

Implies Person B would have completed the task by lunchtime regardless of Person A's statement.

Both are correct but, depending on the situation, one may not be appropriate.

The former response from Person B is submissive; Person A could be an employer giving an instruction to an employee, who confirms that the instruction will be carried out. The latter response could be seen as dismissive; Person B is stating that the instruction is redundant. Some employers may regard the latter as flippant, as if Person B feels he/she doesn't need to be given instructions.

Alternatively, the order of the words could be used to stress the importance of 'it' being 'done':

Person A: "I will help you do it tonight."

Person B: "I will have done it by then!"

If you change the response to 'have it done' it feels less powerful.

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