Sometimes people say "etc., etc." at the end of a list to whimsically suggest many more items. Is this grammatical? Is it acceptable in a professional or academic context?

closed as primarily opinion-based by tchrist, Phil Sweet, MetaEd, user180089, Chenmunka Jul 29 '16 at 9:12

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    It's Latin, there is nothing more beloved in academics. ;) – Helmar Jul 27 '16 at 14:10

Doubling words for emphasis is common in English - very very common in fact. This is despite the duplication having no semantic role.

A list finishing with etc. etc. is slightly different in that it's not exactly for emphasis, but to imply many more items, trailing off ad infinitum.

As regards usage, I wouldn't write it in a paper/thesis. I would be happy to use it in a talk, even on the slides. If your overall presentation style is at the formal/dry end of what I've seen, this might not fit so well, but if you aim more for a storytelling feel it would be absolutely fine.


Yes. That is, in an official context even:

Queen Beatrix's official title was Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, etc., etc., etc. The triple 'etc.' refers to the monarch's many dormant titles. [My bold.]


This link shows the list not to be infinite, but it is getting there...

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    I question whether the occurrence of a 'phrase' in Wikipedia constitutes proper substantiation of correct usage. Wikipedia can be written & edited by anyone. – TrevorD Jul 27 '16 at 23:25
  • @TrevorD OK. Here's the Dutch central bank and the Dutch statistics office and UNESCO (p. 29) – We oath to creation Jul 28 '16 at 5:22
  • Linking to a 273-page document, a 20-page document & a 10-pqge document are hardly appropriate ways to substantiate your point - and the document where you've referred to p.29 has only 10 pp.! May I suggest you amend your answer to incorporate relevant extracts from your cited documents, and then link to the source docs with page numbers. May I respectfully refer you to the page How to answer and the paragraph entitled "Provide context for links". – TrevorD Jul 28 '16 at 22:16
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    @TrevorD I already (independently) knew the title. I then looked it up on Wikipedia, to be able to give a reference. So, I don't really feel the need to be bothered with your distrust of Wikipedia on this issue (despite me providing further evidence, for your personal satisfaction). :) – We oath to creation Jul 29 '16 at 16:56

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