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There is a Hungarian word fejetlenség, literally, having no head, in the state of having no head, meaning a situation where a state or an organisation is an unruly mess.

Is there an English expression for this?

http://www.thesaurus.com/browse/disorganization

gives many synonyms

but I did not find one that uses this way of expression

a figurative one

is there one?

UPDATE: unruly mess itself might be close, as

http://www.finedictionary.com/unruly.html

says unruly is "unwilling to submit authority", in my words: disobedience

but what I want to emphasize is that there is no authority, not that people rebel against it

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    That's one of the many meanings of free. In specific contexts, unruly itself has that sense, with transparent morphology. – John Lawler Jul 26 '16 at 13:57
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    The English idiom 'running around like a headless chicken' describes the chaos of headlessness. It would be difficult to apply to the case of having no boss. – grateful Jul 26 '16 at 14:00
  • @grateful so headlessness is a word in English, good. Only it is not used in the figurative meaning I describe above, only literally for an animal, I guess. – Gergely Jul 26 '16 at 14:03
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    Yes, in the sense of not having a head (face, scull, etc.). For a boss it would be 'leaderless'. – grateful Jul 26 '16 at 14:06
  • You could describe the situation as "the blind leading the blind". – user57709 Jul 26 '16 at 16:10
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You should consider rudderless to describe the organisation when no (real) boss is present.

rudderless (adjective)
(of an organization) without anyone in control and therefore unable to take decisions

You should check unaccountable from the perspective of the staff when no (real) boss is present.

unaccountable:

: not required to explain actions or decisions

: not required to be responsible for something

  • that is about a leader who abuses his power. I want to express that a leader is weak and lets the organisation fall apart. – Gergely Jul 26 '16 at 14:14
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    I have edited the answer to describe the organisation as well (rudderless). The term unaccountable is to describe the staff; clarified this point as well. – alwayslearning Jul 26 '16 at 14:39
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    I think rudderless is a good choice, to describe the country or organisation. – Max Williams Jul 26 '16 at 14:47
  • @alwayslearning thanks, that contains the meaning I sought. – Gergely Jul 26 '16 at 14:50
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Consider

HEADLESS

From Webster

  1. without a head

  2. without a leader

or even simply

Leaderless

Although it does not show as an individual entry in the dictionary, its' the most common.

Compare leaderless with headless and rudderless, the later does not even register in Ngram.

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2

"Acephalous" is a rare word, but it's legitimate English - basically a Greek calque off the word "headless."

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