According to dictionary.com, a trio is defined as "any group of three persons or things".


noun, plural trios.

any group of three persons or things.

Trio is a singular noun that refers to a group of people. Is this singular word ambiguous with its plural meaning? This is the sentence that sparked this question:

Without idle chitchat to distract them, the trio was reminded of their missing friend.

The fragment uses the word "them" to refer to the three people. However, should "was" be "were", or is it fine as it is? Since trio means a group of things, yet the word itself is not automatically plural, I find it disconcerting to switch from plural to singular pronouns.


2 Answers 2


As the grammatical-number tag you have added implies, this is a matter of the 'number' of the word. As the dictionary definition says, trio is a singular noun, even though a trio is made up of three objects or people. So it is correct (and sounds correct to me) to use "was" with it instead of "were".

In general, collective nouns such as "trio" take singular forms of the verb, and this is the "correct" - or at least traditional - usage. For example, "The flock [singular] of sheep is in a field" vs. "The sheep [plural] are in a field".

However, in recent years this has begun to change in some circumstances. The examples which I most commonly hear are ones such as, "The government have made a new policy" and "England have beaten Germany in the football championship". (The last of these being both grammatically peculiar, as well as unlikely.) Both of these sound wrong to me but are increasingly used, including by the BBC, so should probably now be considered part of standard English. (See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_noun#Metonymic_merging_of_grammatical_number).

  • The Google Ngrams given in the duplicate mentioned show that notional agreement hereabouts is by no means merely a recent phenomenon. Commented Jan 9, 2020 at 18:49

A collective noun such as group or trio can take a singular or plural verb, depending on the sense in which the noun is used. In the sentence given in the question, "their friend" clearly indicates that the sense is plural--that is, we're talking about three people rather than a unit--so a plural verb would have been better. Also note that American English and British English differ somewhat in how they deal with collective nouns such as "government" (mentioned in the previous answer). Brits tend to use plural and Americans tend to use singular.

  • Welcome to English Language and Usage. For a good answer, please provide sources and/or citations to support your thoughts. Commented Mar 3, 2017 at 19:04

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