What is the proper word for describing the kind of teaching which based on executing/applying what you heard from your teacher without thinking of it or even applying reason. To just to do what you have heard.
This is called learning by rote. A kind of learning style that isn't really learning but repeating exactly as you were told. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rote_learning.
is also a term you could use for what you describe.
verb (used with object), memorized, memorizing. to commit to memory; learn by heart: to memorize a poem.
verb (used without object), memorized, memorizing. to learn by heart: I've always been able to memorize easily.