Let's begin with an example pertaining to the combination of verb tense:

  • Indeed, Amy's journey seems to have rehabilitated her from her stressful mind.

Honestly, the phrase "seems to have rehabilitated" confused me. Nevertheless, I still figured out that in this particular situation, the phrase "seems" refers to Amy's journey which is talked or being talked at present while the phrase "to have rehabilitated" refers to what "Amy's journey" did to her in the past. Is this realization accurate? I will appreciate any help from anyone!

Best regards


You've ended up with the right conclusion, but your reasoning for getting there is dubious.

*To have rehabilitated her" has no tense of its own: the perfect infinitive expresses a state current at whatever time you are talking about, your 'Reference Time', RT.

The verb of the matrix clause, seems is cast in the present form, so we take your RT to be the present. Since the infinitive "borrows" its time reference from that, it is equivalent to

has [present] rehabilitated her

The sentence may be paraphrased

It seems that Amy's journey has rehabilitated her,

which we infer to be a resultative perfect: the present state which the perfect expresses is that

She is now rehabilitated.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.