See this all the time. Doing it right now. Leaving out the "I am" piece of the sentence. Does this have a name?

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    It's called pronoun dropping. We do it in résumés all the time. – Benjamin Harman Jul 16 '16 at 5:27

This is an example of pro drop (short for pronoun dropping).

Some languages, like Spanish, pretty much mandate it. Such languages are called pro-drop languages.

In English, most grammarians would probably consider it ungrammatical, but it's pretty standard in informal speech.

Regarding its occurrence in English, Wikipedia writes:

English is considered a non-pro-drop language. Nonetheless, subject pronouns are almost always dropped in imperative sentences (e.g., Come here). In informal speech, pronouns may sometimes be dropped in other types of sentences...

  • [Have you] ever been there?
  • [I'm] going to the shops. [Do you] want to come?
  • Seen on signs: [I am/We are] out to lunch; [I/we will be] back at 1:00 [P.M].

The second and third examples of this passage are precisely the kind of sentences you ask about. These sentences can be called pro-dropped sentences.

Note, however, that pro dropping can occur for any pronominal subject, not just for "I". For example, consider the following dialogue:

A: Where's Ingmar?

B: Went home.

Here, the pronoun "he" is being dropped.

As a final note, these kinds of pro-dropped sentences fall under the more general umbrella of ellipsis:

the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues.

  • 1
    Bravo! upvote.. – deadrat Jul 16 '16 at 5:43

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