What tense is being used in the following sentences?

  • I have been here.

  • How often have you been in love in your life?

  • There has been an accident.

I think these sentences use the present perfect tense. My first question regarding the first example: Is been being used as a past particle or as a helping verb? If so, my second question is: What part of speech is here?

By the way, I took my first two examples from Michael Swan's Practical English Usage, and the third from a book on grammar by Raymond Murph (all three are covered under "present perfect").

  • Yes, the three sentences are using the present perfect. // However, I'm not sure about what you ask. – Archa Jul 2 '16 at 15:32
  • 1
    "been" in No. (1), (3) is never a helping verb. It is only in No. (2). Now, you need to read your question again and fix typos and be specific about your question. Your question is very difficult to understand. – user140086 Jul 2 '16 at 15:55
  • @rhetorician Nice edit! – user140086 Jul 2 '16 at 16:50
  • Do you mean What part of speech is here? – StoneyB on hiatus Jul 2 '16 at 16:57
  • After doing some search, I think here could be an attribute. Consider here as at this place. – Archa Jul 2 '16 at 17:05

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