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In the months leading up to the UK Referendum, I've heard the phrase "the E.U." thousands of times, and I've noticed that nearly all media-speakers pronounce it as /ðəʔiːjuː/. My memory, and my old dictionary that uses the IPA, tells me that most Brits used to say /ði.iːjuː/ - that is, /ðə/ becomes /ði/ before a vowel. Is this a recent change?

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    Possible duplicate of What is the pronounciation of "the" before the vowel "e"? If you want more or different information than there is in my answer to that question, please edit your post to describe what else you would like to know and sent me a comment and I'll remove my close vote.
    – herisson
    Jun 24, 2016 at 8:11
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    Not exactly a duplicate, I think, because my question was, Is this a recent change? Jun 24, 2016 at 8:14
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    @EdwinAshworth possible duplicate of sumelic's comment.
    – user126158
    Jun 24, 2016 at 18:06
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    I think lots of people use /ðə/ before /iː/, but /ði/ before other vowels. I don't know how long this has been going on, but sticking two /i/ vowels right next to each other isn't the most euphonious pronunciation. Is your memory of /ði/ before vowels in general, or /ði/ specifically before /iː/? Jun 28, 2016 at 13:48
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    Which revives a 60-year-old memory of my primary teacher, checking my written work, and saying "A egg? A egg? Is that right, David?" [I guess that's why I subconsciously used 'egg' in my previous comment!] Jun 29, 2016 at 14:23

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To cut through the comment chaos and address the question:

You can say "the" like "thee" or "thuh", interchangeably. This isn't a recent development and as far as I know it's not particularly associated with a particular region. A given individual might use both on separate occasions.

I believe that "thee" is favoured in "Received pronunciation", which is a now largely discredited guide to how English is "supposed to be pronounced", derived from listening to how the royal family speaks. That is to say, the Queen would most likely say "thee". Even the BBC (a good touchstone for any British English pronunciation questions) don't insist that their presenters speak like this, however, any more.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Received_Pronunciation

Choice of "thee" or "thuh" generally depends on the word that follows. Words starting with a vowel sound will be more likely to have "thee" before them, as it's an easier transition. For example "Thuh team" is easier to say than "thee team" and "thee orange" is easier to say (or perhaps easier to hear clearly) than "thuh orange", which would sound too much like "thorange". Hence, people will tend to say "Thee E.U.", as it's just more natural to say than "thuh E.U."

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    – tchrist
    Oct 2, 2016 at 17:59

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