I'm looking for a word that describes the act of transforming a certain form of energy into a useful and desired form. It's for a research project in which we are researching the transformation of kinetic energy into electrical or chemical energy.
Control and make use of (natural resources), especially to produce energy
Today, harnessing the power of moving water to generate electricity, known as hydroelectric power, is the largest source of emissions-free, renewable electricity in the United States and worldwide.
Researchers at Columbia University have conducted the first exhaustive study into kinetic energy harvesting — the harvesting of “free” energy from common human activities, such as walking, writing with a pencil, taking a book off a shelf, or opening a door.