I am reading this book named "Asking the right questions" by M. Neil Brown. I am unable to comprehend the meaning of the bold text below.
While absorbing information provides a productive start toward becoming a thoughtful person, the sponge approach has a serious disadvantage: It provides no method for deciding which information and opinions to believe and which to reject. If a reader relied on the sponge approach all the time, he would believe whatever he read last. The idea of being the mental puppet of whomever one happens to encounter is horrible imagery for a person and a community. Decisions become accidents of association, instead of reflective judgments.
Could anyone please explain it using some form of grammar jargon, that will help in future to tag the question more appropriately,
Edit- Can you help me in understanding the below text too. Supposing the reason(s) were true, is there any way in which the conclusion nevertheless could be false?