I am working on a persuasive paper about free college. I am trying to find the opposite of community college. Does anybody know a good word or phrase for this?
In the United States, the most direct opposite of community college is residential college or residential campus. From the Free Dictionary:
Adj. 1. residential - used or designed for residence or limited to residences; "a residential hotel"; "a residential quarter"; "a residential college"; "residential zoning" nonresidential - not residential; "the commercial or nonresidential areas of a town"; "community colleges are typically nonresidential"
Note that in the UK and some higher-level US universities, residential colleges are something else; a group of "houses" within the university that each have their own separate identity. But when contrasting community colleges and residential colleges, this meaning would not be inferred.
Note also that there is a very informal term for a college with living facilities, which is sleepaway colleges.
I believe the term typically used is a traditional institution to express community college vs. other schools. Having gone to both a community college and a technical school that offered two-year degrees, I have often seen literature and recruitment representatives refer to UPenn, Drexel, Temple, et al. (I live in the Philadelphia area) as traditional four-year schools.
Edit: To clarify, I had personally observed this convention while working at a Research Organization that focused on education, but many of those papers I am unable to disclose for legal reasons. However, many sites use the term "traditional four-year schools" to compare and contrast with community colleges. Two examples:
While I would think traditional is generally used in contrast to online courses, these are examples of the usage I was describing.