Almost no one does it except professors and cosmopolitans. Though some books will say that "what" should be pronounced "hwutt" and not "wutt", is it really recommended for us, the common folk, to espouse this pronunciation; or would we sound affected in doing so?


6 Answers 6


As others have noted, w(h)ether you should pronounce "wh" as /w/ or /ʍ/ depends on what the prevailing regional accent does. The big exception to this is singing; it pays to be fussy about pronunciation when you sing, even if you wouldn't in normal speech, because it helps the words to come through the texture.

Incidentally, you shouldn't think of /ʍ/ as sounding like "hw". /ʍ/ is an unvoiced aspirant made with the "w" mouth shape, not an /h/ followed by a /w/.

  • 1
    Incidentally, probably the major reason why singers fuss about their pronunciation is for reasons of vocal technique (achieving the goal of effortlessness and rich sound yield/contrasts; taste as to the timbre of sounds often comes into play - e.g. colouring to richer vowels in the descant). I would agree on the pronunciation of consonants, mostly, though one should not forget that the primary function (e.g. the tongue-tip-rrrr) might be more one of technique than that of communicating the lyrics to the audience
    – sehe
    Jul 5, 2011 at 12:37
  • In the US at least, the predominate standard pronunciation is /w/ and the rarer /ʍ/ is only a regional variant.
    – Mitch
    May 31, 2015 at 17:16
  • Incidentally, after consideration, it seems perfectly accurate to me to compare /ʍ/ with "hw" because an "h" in general signifies an unvoiced vowel which is identified by the following voiced vowel. E.g. in "hat", the "h" is an unvoiced short "a". You can confirm this by whispering. The only difference between "hat" and "at" in whispering is the glottal stop in "at". Try it.
    – Daniel
    Mar 11, 2017 at 23:23

This question explains about its origin and usage. Basically, to sum up, "wh" was originally pronounced "hw" due to its origin.

who - /huː/ (Old English hwā)
whom - /huːm/ (Old English hwǣm)
whole - /hoʊl/ (Old English hāl—cf. 'hale')

As you can see, it was originally spelt "hw", changed to "wh", and now, its pronunciation is slowly changing to "w" due to a phenomenon called the "wine-whine merger":

The wine–whine merger is a merger by which voiceless /hw/ is reduced to voiced /w/. It has occurred historically in the dialects of the great majority of English speakers. The resulting /w/ is generally pronounced [w], but sometimes [hw̥]; this may be hypercorrection. The merger is essentially complete in England, Wales, the West Indies, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, and is widespread in the United States and Canada. In accents with the merger, pairs like wine/whine, wet/whet, weather/whether, wail/whale, Wales/whales, wear/where, witch/which etc. are homophonous.

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As you can see by this image, that "wh" is stilled pronounced "hw" in quite a bit of USA.

It is true that "wh" is increasingly being pronounced "w", but that doesn't mean that pronouncing it as "hw" is "affected", or snobbish.

So, I wouldn't be bothered using either, as both pronunciations are actually acceptable.

  • I read the map differently. You'll notice that 'wh-' has been given very, very large dots in comparison to those for 'w-'. I see many, many more dots for 'w-' than 'wh-'.
    – Mitch
    May 31, 2015 at 17:11

Listen to this and decide for yourself if it sounds affected.

  • This video is now private and so this answer no longer adds value. Dec 22, 2020 at 23:42

It is regional. Its region is shrinking, but not yet zero. If no one does it where you live, then go ahead and say "wear you live" instead.

  • Well, I suppose that the sea is eating away at the coasts of Scotland, but it’s hardly shrinking particularly quickly.
    – tchrist
    Jul 12, 2014 at 23:02

The goal of oral English is to be understood clearly in the initial iteration. If one wants to communicate 'where' something is located, aspirating the word clearly differentiates it from the word 'wear', as in reference to apparel. Ambiguity, repetition, and wasted time can thus be avoided. It is a matter of logic.

  • 2
    Language is hardly ever a matter of logic.
    – MrHen
    Jul 12, 2014 at 22:15

If you fail to pronounce the combined "wh" sound, how is a person to know if you mean "whale" or "wail", "where" or "wear", whether" or weather, etc. I am a singer, and diction is extremely important or those listening won't know which word you mean. It sounds like mush coming out. Do we really want to start speaking sloppy? I know "I" strive to make the distinction.

I think dropping the "h" is an embarrassing mistake.

  • 4
    Typically one deduces the meaning of a word from the context. Words do not exist in a vacuum, so when people talk about all the whales of the coast off Wales, noöne gets confused, despite their homophony. Dec 16, 2014 at 15:18

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