A scholar has said that there are 4 usages of the present past tense:
The Universal sense of the Perfect, used to indicate that a state of affairs prevailed throughout some interval stretching from the past into the present
I've known Max since 1960.
The Existential sense of the Perfect, used to indicate the existence of past events
I have read Principial Mathematica five times.
The Stative/Resultative sense of the Perfect, used to indicate that the direct effect of a past event still continues
I can't come to your party tonight - I've caught the flu.
The Hot News sense of the Perfect, used to report hot news
Malcolm X has just been assassinated.
To what category does the recent past belong?