• Smith is lying there watched patiently by Jones.

Am I right that this is two clauses, and that the second is a dependent clause in the passive voice?

Should there be a comma between them, and if so why?

  • Hmm. It could be a compound predicate: "Smith is lying there" + "Smith is watched patiently by Jones." Commented May 21, 2016 at 22:34

1 Answer 1


I believe it is a shortening of Smith is lying there being watched patiently by Jones, which makes use of a present passive participle. The participle functions as an adjective modifying Smith.

But as Scott mentioned, it could also be a compound predicate — that is, it is a shortened combination of Smith is lying there and Smith is being watched patiently by Jones.

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