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As per the title, what are the formal English words for "compensated public holiday"? As in when a public holiday falls on a Sunday, normally the next day (Monday) will be a day off. How should I refer to that "day off"?

I would like to put the word in a sentence similar to this: I will be going back to my hometown this weekend because Monday is a [compensated public holiday]. The words inside [...] should be replaced with another formal English words (if there is any).

Note: it can be a single word or a phrase

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I think it is generally referred to as a : compensatory holiday:

  • If a holiday falls on an employee's regularly scheduled day off, the employee will receive holiday credit, sometimes referred to as Holiday Compensatory Time.
  • Will it be weird if I put it inside the sentence i mentioned in the question? – karansky May 13 '16 at 8:42
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It's called a substitute day, in the UK.

If a bank holiday is on a weekend, a ‘substitute’ weekday becomes a bank holiday, normally the following Monday.

  • 1
    This reference is perhaps more convincing evidence that 'substitute day' is acquiring compound-noun status. – Edwin Ashworth May 13 '16 at 9:10
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In the UK, if it's a statutory swap of the public holiday onto another day (e.g. the example you quote - for example, when Christmas Day falls on a weekend) then they're referred to as substitute days:

If it's an elective switch (e.g. when the employee works the public holiday but then has to have a different day off instead) then they're referred to as lieu days (or time off in lieu / TOIL):

(those include non-UK links, so I think the term is pretty universal in the English-speaking world)

  • but lieu days are more like "compensation for working overtime". It doesn't mean "compensating for a public holiday falling on a Sunday" which is more related to what I am searching for – karansky May 13 '16 at 8:58
  • Yes, I put that in for completeness - you'd need to go to substitute day (in the UK, anyway) for that scenario. Other countries may vary, as I know not all countries give you a substitute if the PH falls on a weekend. – Prof Yaffle May 13 '16 at 9:12
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    'Bank holiday in lieu' is also used. (Calendarpedia) – Edwin Ashworth May 13 '16 at 9:14

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