In my King James Bible, I have found some words which look like Gerunds but they really are not, or at least they don't make sense when they get turned into nouns. Take a look at these examples:
Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ.
But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
And there are many example of words like these. At first I thought they might be Adverbial clauses which have reduced subject, helping verbs and changing verbs to "-ing" form, which some of them are pretty likely to be such as:
Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily
It sounds like this:
Then Joseph her husband, because he was a just man and didn't want to make here a public example,....
Or maybe it's "being" because it just has the responsibility to accompany an adjective form of phrase which didn't have sentence form. But still, it's not clear.
What are these gerund-like words really? They cannot be nouns - that doesn't make any sense for me, maybe because I'm not a native speaker. I'm not understanding something here!
Any idea or help would be really nice, thanks!