Merriam-Webster defines pedagogy as "the art, science, or profession of teaching."
The concepts don't seem to map very well, but is there a word such that:
pedagogy : teaching :: _____ : learning
Wouldn't it be study
The devotion of time and attention to acquiring knowledge on an academic subject, especially by means of books:
the study of English
an application to continue full-time study
Oxford Dictionaries Online
to apply the mind to the learning or understanding of (a subject), esp by reading:
to study languages
to study all night
You may already have considered "scholarship," a common synonym for "study" in the sense of
serious formal study or research of a subject
from the Merriam-Webster online dictionary.