Could anyone guide me the meaning of government-run in below paragraph?

Until the late 1980s, cannabis and opium were legal in India, sold in government-run shops and traded by the British East India Company.

I think it's mean government authorized or government owned. Any expert could guide me on this?

  • 3
    It's a hyphenated attributive noun phrase meaning "run by the government" so yeah, controlled and operated by the government. Apr 13, 2016 at 11:30

1 Answer 1


The term "government-run" pretty much means what it says -- run by the government. Of course, the devil is in the details, so one cannot say with any certainty whether the meaning is

  • Owned and operated by a government agency, with government employees running it.
  • Run by a private party as a sort of franchise of the government, reporting all transactions to the government, and perhaps obtaining "product" from the government.
  • Run by a private party and simply conforming to some government-prescribed rules.

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