Is there a word which refers to a state for an animal or human that is not anesthetized (or influenced by other artificial consciousness altering substances) for an academic or professional context? I am looking for a term that would make it specifically clear that there is no influence of anesthesia rather then a more ambiguous word like "conscious" or "wakeful" (the type of words I have been able to find so far).

  • I would suggest looking through this post
    – Inazuma
    Commented Apr 3, 2016 at 3:26
  • Can you give an example of how you want to use this word? What do you need an antonym specifically? Why can't you just say "not anesthetized"?
    – herisson
    Commented Apr 3, 2016 at 3:27
  • Inazuma - Thank you but I am looking for something a little more formal and a term not specifically related to any kind of illegal (or simply mind altering) substance.
    – BiOps
    Commented Apr 3, 2016 at 3:35
  • 1
    sumelic - The specific usage is probably beyond the scope here but I would like to describe conducting tests or experiments on a person/animal which has not been sedated. Although simply saying something along the lines of "not anesthetized" or "not sedated" may be the simplest answer (and one I may have to go with), I was hoping that there might be a specific word that I could use instead.
    – BiOps
    Commented Apr 3, 2016 at 3:40
  • Thanks for the additional description. In fact, the more specific you can be, the better. Here are the guidelines for asking word request questions on this site: english.stackexchange.com/tags/single-word-requests/info By the way, to send reply messages, you'll have to use the @ symbol before somebody's name.
    – herisson
    Commented Apr 3, 2016 at 5:52

4 Answers 4


Perhaps "sensate" or "sensible" : having conscious awareness or rationality, capable of receiving sensory impressions


In this context I'd recommend 'sober'.

not intoxicated or drunk.


It is often associated with abstinence of alcohol though, see http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/sober (Not affected by alcohol; not drunk.) so maybe there is a more appropriate term out there.


In our clinical journal articles, we would state that a procedure done without anesthesia is anesthesia free, for example an anesthesia-free dental procedure. This implies that the procedure is typically done with anesthesia, but in this instance it is not.

As for the antonym for an anesthetized patient, it would simply be an unanesthetized patient.

The Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary has this entry:

Medical definition of unanesthetized:

not having been subjected to an anesthetic -- an unanesthetized patient

This does not really apply to sedation, which is different than anesthesia.


Sensitised sounds like the word you need.

From ODO

Cause (someone or something) to respond to certain stimuli; make sensitive:

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