Spotify’s initial foray into Asia saw it land in small and fairly Western-influenced countries like Hong Kong and Singapore, markets where it was likely to see uptake.


Markets is an appositive, renaming "Hong Kong and Singapore". Where is a subordinate conjunction linking its reference (markets) to the descriptive clause "it was likely to see uptake". The antecedent of it is Spotify.

It means that Spotify started its Asian business in places that where it would probably be successful because those places were commercially Westernized.

  • I appreciate your close explanation. Grammatical terms like appositive, subordinate conjunction ... are very helpful in understanding the structure of the sentence. – EngLearner322 Mar 23 '16 at 5:12
  • So are you saying that "where" is a relative adverb and where it was likely to see uptake is a relative clause? – BillJ Mar 23 '16 at 8:10
  • Yes. it (subject) was (verb) likely (predicate adjective) to see uptake (adjectival complement, in which to see is an infinitive with object uptake). Where connects its referent markets to the suborindate clause. We can ponder at what point in that clause. I don't regard the appositive as a modifier but as a replacement name. You can leave markets out, and the subordinate clause refers to the compound object of the preposition like, i.e, "Hong Kong and Singapore". – deadrat Mar 23 '16 at 8:21
  • 1
    @deadrat. "Where" takes locative expressions as antecedent; within the relative clause it functions as an adjunct of spatial location, typically represented by a preposition phrase. So we understand it was likely to see uptake in those markets. Whether there is actually an appositive here seems debateable, though it might be possible to make a case for “markets …” being a supplementary appositive whose anchor is the larger NP small and fairly western-influenced countries like Hong Kong and Singapore. Supplementary appositives aren’t modifiers, so that would seem plausible. – BillJ Mar 23 '16 at 13:20

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.