I have not found any articles or documentation on this, the only thing close to it is this Zero article after "of" in "a change of place" thread which only has a single answer referencing some 'substance', which is very abstract and ambiguous for me.

    I need a change of hotel.
    A change of situation will give another result.

those are the examples from the link, which is what I'm referring to.

From time to time I stumble upon the "the %noun% of %singular non-proper countable noun%" phrase where the latter noun does not have an article.

My question is does anyone have a solid explanation link, source for this?

  • 1
    As far as I've been able to tell it still follows the standard rules for articles: see things like "the milk of human kindness" and "the sands of time"; the definite article is used because we're referring to something specific. Contrast with "winds of change" where said winds are not any specific winds. – John Clifford Mar 12 '16 at 16:09
  • Had you considered that these nouns are being used in a non-count way, and thus do not require a determiner? – BillJ Mar 12 '16 at 16:11
  • John I am not referring to the 'the' part of the first noun. I am referring to the part preceding the second noun. 'X of Y'. 'Y' is what I am referring to. – Sam Mar 12 '16 at 16:13
  • @BillJ, I kind of understand what people are trying to achieve when they compose their words this way. My question is where/when it is legal to do so... – Sam Mar 12 '16 at 16:15
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    My opinion is that this 'of' is a looser association than those that contain a determiner. You desire a change of your stay, from one hotel to another; not a physical change to any hotel itself. – AmI Apr 15 '16 at 20:05

In this you would have first to do a distinction between countable and uncountable (substance) things. Perhaps there could be a reference text, but I will try a roundup.

This shouldn't be mysterious:

  • A countable object can be counted in units (1, 2, 3, 4, 5...). One can enumerate one car, two cars, etc (the equivalent in mathematics would be a discrete value). So it can be used in singular and plural form.

  • Milk being a substance, in most cases you don't count it in units such as 1, 2, 3: if you add milk into a pot you don't add "one milk" or "two milks*, but a quantity such as 1 gallon or 1.3 gallons. It is still milk (singular). It is described as uncountable (the equivalent in mathematics, would be a continuous value).

Uncountable Names

"Of" is often used with uncountable names. The rule is simple: if this refers to the substance in general, there is no article:

It is made of silk.

We have an increase of temperature.

I want two pints of water.

If the substance is specific (typically to a certain place and time), it is possible to specify this:

I want more of the silk from that shop.

Today, we have an increase of the temperature.

We noticed a change in the color of the water in the fish tank.

Countable Names

With countable names, the rules is similar: omit "the" when it refers objects of a certain category, and use "the" when it refers to specific objects.

So, in general:

He has a good opinion of writers.

Or in particular:

He has a good opinion of the writers of that article.

I want a review of the contract.

For your question about hotel, there is a nuance, which is quite perceptible:

I need a change of hotel.

A "change of hotel" is an often practiced action. You don't want to be particularly specific. You just want a new hotel, for whatever reason.

I need a change of the hotel.

You are being specific about that hotel. In that particular case, you are conveying there is something wrong with it. Perhaps you would avoid it if you want to avoid confrontation ("What's wrong with that hotel?"), or else you would use it to make yourself extra-clear.

Similarly, when you open a conversation with a travel agent:

I want a change of reservation.

(you want to activate a procedure called "change of reservation")

But if the travel agents already knows what reservation you are talking about:

I want a change of the reservation.


Regardless of countable or uncountable, it's a about being specific or not specific. In many cases, the context will dictate which one you need to use. In others, you could decide whether you want to use one or the other, so as to express the exact nuance.

As a caveat about uncountable versus countable, this is not necessarily a feature connected to the word itself, but to the meaning you are giving to it.

For the example of "oil":

Uncountable: Add two table-spoons of olive oil.

Countable: This supermarket stocks several vegetable oils (olive, soja, etc.).

Uncountable: This supermarket stocks different types of vegetable oil.

If you wanted to be specific:

Uncountable: Add two table-spoons of the olive oil you just bought.

Countable: Where is the shelf of the vegetable oils?

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