I'm writing a paper with a colleague and we are unsure if the grammar in our title is correct. I'd like to go with this variant.

Multiple Ways to Measuring Alertness

My colleague asks if we should change the title to

Multiple Ways to Measure Alertness

As far as I understand the Gerund, only the first variant is correct. Is that true? ;)

Edit: Based on the comments, would the word "approach" change the grammar in this case?

Multiple Approaches to Measuring Alertness

Multiple Approaches to Measure Alertness

  • It's either "ways to measure" or "ways of measuring." – deadrat Feb 18 '16 at 8:31

You can use either

"Multiple Ways of Measuring Alertness"


"Multiple Ways to Measure Alertness"

  • Your answer is just a repeat of deadrat's comment. – BillJ Feb 18 '16 at 9:46
  • It's fine to use a comment as the basis of an answer, but please explain why those are the forms to use. – Andrew Leach Feb 18 '16 at 10:06
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    If I had a good explanation, I would have given my own answer. Notice we can say "Multiple Approaches to Measuring Alertness." – deadrat Feb 18 '16 at 10:23
  • Is there a difference between "ways" and "approaches" regarding the grammar? "Approaches" also sounds nice. I'll update the question – InterestedUser Feb 18 '16 at 10:36
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    @InterestedUser The crucial point is that "measure" is an infinitival and thus follows the infinitival marker "to". By contrast, "measuring" is a gerund-participle which follows a prep, and since "ways" typically selects the prep "of", not "to", it follows that multiple ways of measuring alertness is correct. Things are different with "approaches", which selects the prep "to", so multiple approaches to measuring alertness is fine. (note that infinitival "to measure" would not be correct with "approaches".) – BillJ Feb 18 '16 at 14:02

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