Is there a word or succinct phrase for debates or arguments that started as a result of miscommunication or misinterpretation?
From Wikipedia: talking past each other.
Talking past each other is an English phrase meaning two or more people talking about different subjects, while they believe that they are talking about the same thing.
The erroneous belief that they are "talking about the same thing" counts as miscommunication or misinterpretation that can easily lead to debates or arguments.
The phrase talking past each other refers to the debate or argument.