- 'the extent which' vs 2. 'the extent to which' :
3. Semantically, how do these compare? I know that to is a preposition and so a Functional Morpheme, but does 'to' affect anything semantically?
4. Sociolinguistically, 1 appears obsolete whereas 2 is commoner and current, per Google Ngrams and my comparative Googling of "the extent which the" vs "the extent to which the". But I ask about Semantics here, and not Sociolinguistics.
The question emerged while reading p 309, Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (2010, 2 ed) by Kenneth J. Vandevelde., which I include only for context; please advise if you know of better examples featuring 1.
Thus, the court has considered the weight given to the policies as well as the extent to which the prohibition furthers the policy of tranquillity and impedes the policy of free speech, that is, the relationship between ends and means.