What is an adjective that describes a person who is unpredictable in a negative or potentially dangerous way? I keep thinking "volatile," but I'm looking for a word more cohesive with the description of a person rather than a science experiment or something. Perhaps something similar to "loose cannon," but an adjective? I believe I am looking for a specific word, but I can't think of it.
Volatile is a very good word, not at all necessarily scientific, but connotes explosive.
- liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
- (of persons) disposed to caprice or inconstancy; fickle; mercurial (Collins/TFD)
A clinical word for this is labile:
Open to change; readily changeable or unstable (TFD)
Emotional Dysregulation is also referred to as labile mood (a marked fluctuation of mood) or mood swings.
Many good words have been suggested. You could also consider using the adjective mercurial which means:
Subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind: 'his mercurial temperament'.
More broadly used one is capricious:
Given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour
[Oxford Online Dictionary]
Several synonyms have been suggested; considering that you specified:
I believe I am looking for a specific word, but I can't think of it.
I thought I would point out a few words that are more similar in sound to "volatile" than the excellent words so far suggested, and that are at least somewhat similar in meaning as well (or at least related). Hopefully one of these may jog your memory:
And, some more common words I found during my search that I think are unlikely to be the word you are looking for, but might be: