Apologies if this is off topic or has been answered before, but I can't find the answer to my question.
We commonly encounter verbs that have a direction/location added to them to change the meaning, for instance "take" can have a similar meaning to "remove", but "take in" can mean "learn" or "remember", "take on" can mean "challenge", and "take off" can mean "run away". Likewise with "throw" and "throw out" etc. There are many many examples.
How can I describe verbs that are made up of another verb and a direction/location?