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What is a single word for someone or a group of people who split off from a main group because they're dissatisfied with its state?

I was thinking something along the lines of mutiny, but that's a bit too extreme.

For example: A group of students split off from the main robotics team and formed their own. The original team did something while the ______ (splitters?) did something else.

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    "Splinter group" is another term. – Hot Licks Feb 1 '16 at 1:32
  • What @HotLicks said. You can also say splitters or dissenters. – Drew Feb 1 '16 at 2:25
  • I ended up going with dissenters. Thanks everyone! – Vedaad Shakib Feb 1 '16 at 2:54
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Anything that is a synonym of faction:

band, bloc, bunch, cabal, camp, caucus, cell, circle, clan, clique, club, coalition, combination, combine, combo, concern, conclave, confederacy, conspiracy, contingent, coterie, crew, crowd, design, division, entente, gang, guild, insiders, intrigue, junta, knot, lobby, machine, minority, mob, network, offshoot, outfit, partnership, party, pressure group, ring, schism, sect, section, sector, set, side, splinter group, team, unit, wing. http://www.thesaurus.com/browse/faction

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Schismatic, as defined here

A schismatic is a person who creates or incites schism in an organization or who is a member of a splinter group.

schism is defined here as

a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief

For example: A small group split off from the hiking club; these schismatics were determined on multi-day hikes above timberline. The rest of the hiking club wanted easy, one-day hikes, followed by beer in the shade.

Note that a schism is caused by a strong difference about what to do or about what is true, good or right. You don't become a schismatic because you prefer to meet on Thursdays instead of Tuesdays or have some other minor disagreement.

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A minority group that is in opposition to the majority (of the same party) is normally referred to as a faction:

faction:

a group or clique within a larger group, party, government, organization, or the like

faction

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    "Faction" implies that the smaller group is still contained within the larger group. I want a word which suggests that the smaller group has completely split off from the larger group. – Vedaad Shakib Feb 1 '16 at 1:23
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The following might be used alone or as adjectives with the previous suggestions:

  • progressives - [Those] Favoring or promoting change or innovation
  • rebels - A person (persons) who rises in opposition ... against an established government
  • revolutionaries - A person (persons) who works for or engages in political revolution
  • mavericks - An unorthodox or independent-minded person(s)

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