When someone is very hungry we say he is starving. How to describe someone who is very thirsty?
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Hungry is to starving as thirsty is to parched.
Parched : very thirsty - M-W
While "dying of thirst" is still a common expression, nowadays it's much more likely to hear someone say they're dehydrated. (US English)
Hungry is to starving as thirsty is to thirsting
assoiffé adj (qui a très soif) thirsty, thirsting adj
Il fait très chaud, les animaux sont assoiffés. It's very hot, the animals are very thirsty. WordReference (Oxford) English-French Dictionary
"thirsting animals" Google Books
"thirsting rats" Google Books
You need to be aware that often starving is used in a hyperbolic sense, and not its literal meaning that indicates malnourishment.
Man I'm starving! I haven't eaten since breakfast!
The equivilent I would suggest here is parched.
Man I'm parched! Do you have any water?
If you are looking for a equivilent term to the literal starving:
The man was found starving in the desert.
I would suggest [very] dehydrated:
The man was found critically dehydrated in the desert.
The man was found severely dehydrated in the desert.
Though parched seems to still fit:
The man was found parched in the desert.
The word we use here (UK) is gasping
1.3 (be gasping for) British informal Be desperate to obtain or consume; crave:
'I'm gasping for a drink!'
Adjective. British. Spoken.
- very thirsty
to be very thirsty
It is very common for us to use "gasping" to mean "very thirsty", and, in my house, 'gasping' was used exactly like 'starving'. So I might get home from a jog on a summer's day and say,
"Oooooh, could you get me a drink, please, I'm gasping!"
However, I have only just now learned that this is peculiar to informal British usage.
Hungry is to starvation as Thirsty is to "Dehydration'