Am I correct in stating that "Arabic" is a language; An "Arab" is a person of "Arab" dissent; and "Arabian" is a culture & history; but more contemporary usage of "Arab" can be more collective, e.g. to describe culture and history in place of the word "Arabian?" I.e. Arab can be short for Arabian now; therefore, "Arabian" is becoming archaic? Moreover, is the term "Oriental" correctly descriptive, generally of Arabian, other Middle Eastern, some North African, some South Asian, and some Mediterranean Cultures? Please clarify for me! Thank you!
"Arabic" is the language. "Arab" refers to a group of people originating from the Arabian peninsula. "Arabian" is rarely used today. It is, on occasion, used to refer to people from Saudi Arabia, but they are more often referred to as "Saudi." Of course, this word is also used to refer to things like Arabian horses. "Oriental" just refers to anything characteristic of East Asia.