May I know which is correct? Heavy rain season or heavy raining season? What should I put in between an adjective and noun? Thanks
closed as off-topic by tchrist♦, Drew, Mari-Lou A, Nathaniel is protesting, user140086 Nov 30 '15 at 4:18
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Here's an example: "The monsoons are a season of heavy rains." Another might be, "Heavy rains occur during the summer season." Both of your examples would sound a little awkward to a native American English speaker, because neither heavy raining nor heavy rain is considered a season.
The usual expression is rainy season. From Wikipedia:
The rainy season, or monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs. It usually lasts one or more months. The term "green season" is also sometimes used as a euphemism by tourist authorities. Areas with wet seasons are dispersed across portions of the tropics and subtropics.
You should note that the article is actually called Wet Season, which is another good alternative.
There is no way to do what you want. The reason is sort of interesting. You would need to modify "rain" in the phrase "rainy season" with the modifier "heavy", but "rain" is inside the word "rainy". You can't modify part of a word. Once the several meaningful parts of a word get put together into a single word, they are sealed away from any syntactic process, such as modification.
Because of this principle, it is also not possible to use the "rain" part of the word "rainy" as the antecedent for an anaphoric pronoun (which was pointed out by Paul Postal in his paper Words as Anaphoric Islands). For instance, ?*"The rainy season this year has had especially heavy ones." Or even worse is trying to pronominalize part of a word: *"Heavy rains have characterized this year's one-y season."
There are occasional exceptions to this principle, but they tend to be interpreted as linguistic jokes.
It is appropriate to use: "Heavy rainy season".