Offhand, I'd say it's a variation of the bouffant with a bun on top. It transcends generations. Here's a fairly famous painting by John Sloan:

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And, almost a hundred years later, here's Captain Janeway:

enter image description here

  • 1
    Or even more. Janeway took command of Voyager exactly five hundred years after Sloan was born (it says here)
    – Andrew Leach
    Nov 23 '15 at 22:31
  • How about the psyche knot from the Edwardian era?
    – 0..
    Nov 24 '15 at 14:57

It's a chignon.

: a way of arranging a woman's hair by twisting it into a round shape at the back of the head or neck M-W

"Les Chignons des Années 40 à Aujourd'hui" Marie-Claire

  • Damn it! I know the word very well, too. Thank you!
    – Ricky
    Nov 23 '15 at 22:40
  • @Ricky You're welcome, Ricky!
    – Elian
    Nov 23 '15 at 22:43
  • 2
    I'm not sure this is quite right: the illustrations show the knot up top rather than at the back or at the nape of the neck, the French for which apparently gives the chignon its name. "Nor did she wear a chignon, I'd have you all to know, / And I met her in the garden where the praties grow." Nov 23 '15 at 23:23
  • 1
    In French at least, a chignon is a chignon wherever it is on the head. As a native speaker, I actually had no idea that chignon ever meant “back of the neck”. According to the Trésor de la langue française, this meaning is archaic and literary.
    – Édouard
    Nov 24 '15 at 6:30

It's a sock bun.

Because one way of making it is to use a cut sock.

  • That's such a cool term!
    – Ricky
    Nov 23 '15 at 22:43
  • 1
    It is indeed cool. +1. But a reference would be nice :)
    – A.P.
    Nov 24 '15 at 8:41
  • 1
    Instructions for the girls: wikihow.com/Do-a-Sock-Bun
    – Mari-Lou A
    Nov 24 '15 at 9:39

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