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Tommen was a sweet boy. Not like his brother (Joffery), but then Jaime and Tyrion were some what less than peas in a pod themselves.

This sentence is extracted from the Game of Thrones. I don't understand how to use the comparison "Not like... but then...". Could you please teach me?

Does "be less than peas in a pod themselves" mean "be different from each other"?

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The two comparisons are for two different brothers and you have to look at one by one.

Tommen was a sweet boy. Not like his brother (Joffery),

Tommen was a sweet boy, but his brother (Joffery) was not a sweet boy (comparison of their characters only).

but then Jaime and Tyrion were some what less than peas in a pod themselves.

You will see what "peas in a pod" means by looking at the below picture. As you noticed in the show, Tyron is a dwarf and his character is completely different from that of his brother. The above sentence means:

They don't look like brothers who were given birth to by the "same" mother as they look different and don't talk and behave in the same way (comparison of their appearances and characters).

enter image description here

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It means "less than alike". Peas-in-a-pod are alike, less than PIAP is less than alike, or dissimilar if you prefer. The "not like...but then" bit doesn't have to do with PIAP. GRRM is noting that Tommen and Joffrey are dissimilar. He could have easily written "Tommen was a sweet boy, not like his brother" without changing the meaning. Rather wryly he then compares the dissimilarity of the Tyrion and Jaime to the the dissimilarity of Tommen and Joffrey.

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