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This question already has an answer here:

Two women rescued a child who was kidnapped by his neighbour.

or

Two women rescued a child who had been kidnapped by his neighbour.

Which one is correct and why?

marked as duplicate by user140086, choster, Chenmunka, Nathaniel, Mitch Nov 20 '15 at 0:32

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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    Please take a look at this question which is related. I think it has the answer. If you don't find it satisfactory, please edit your question. – user140086 Nov 15 '15 at 10:02
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Two women rescued a child who had been kidnapped by his neighbour

The action in the independent clause is set in the past and it's over (rescued, past simple). The kidnap happened before the rescue, so you use a past perfect (had been kidnapped).

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