In English, there seems to be a specific term for all things equestrian. How is a horse breeding and training facility in a rural setting called?

In portuguese, it is caled a "Haras" (the term is current and very often used). The google translator gives me "horse farm" or "stud farm".

The word Haras exists in english (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/haras) but seems to be falling out of use, as this ngram shows.

Is there any more current idiom for this facility, or "horse/stud farm" is as glamorous as we get?

  • Have you tried "ranch"? A large farm, especially in North America or Australia, where cattle or other animals are bred OOD – user140086 Nov 5 '15 at 14:09
  • @Rathony I am looking for something to convey the meaning that it is a horse-exclusive facility. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 14:11
  • I posted my answer with "horse ranch". – user140086 Nov 5 '15 at 14:17
  • 1
    If I'm dressed appropriately for the ranch am I wearing... ranch dressing? – Digital Chris Nov 5 '15 at 20:21
  • @DigitalChris must.. not.. feed.... trolls. I think you are wearing a ranch dress. If you dress inside a ranch, you are ranch dressing. But if you are wearing ranch dressing, please avoid truck stops. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 20:37

Google Translator is right about both "stud farm" and "horse farm". These are indeed the correct terms:

A stud farm or stud in animal husbandry is an establishment for selective breeding of livestock.


Stud is defined in this way:

a. A group of animals, especially horses, kept for breeding.

b. A male animal, such as a stallion, that is kept for breeding.

c. A stable or farm where these animals are kept.


You are correct about "haras", too. It's a bit more specific, but also archaic:

haras: archaic : a horse-breeding establishment : stud farm

(Webster's Unabridged)

"Horse farm" seems to be the most widely used term in the US, according to this Ngram:

enter image description here

In British English, however, "stud farm" appears to be the most popular term:

enter image description here


"Ranch" is broadly used as it means:

A large farm, especially in North America or Australia, where cattle or other animals are bred

[Oxford Online Dictionary]

If you google "horse ranch", you get 654,000 hits, which means it is more braodly used than "stud farm" with 524,000 hits.

  • 3
    This may be the case, but no such facility exists with that name in the UK, at least. The small town of Newmarket alone has dozens of stud farms, but not a single horse ranch. – JHCL Nov 5 '15 at 15:09
  • @JHCL I thank everyone for showing all those regional nuances. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 15:46
  • Rathony, do not bash. @JHCL is adding important info. He is not decreasing the merit of your answer, just enhancing it. and BTW, "horse farm" has 4,610,000 hits on google. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 15:56
  • And I am really liking the Horse Ranch term. But I am not a native english speaker. More reason that comments from natives like @JHCL are important here. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 15:57
  • 1
    @Mindwin The only reason I didn't mention "horse/stud farm" is that you already mentioned it in your question. That's all. The meaning of the word "stud" is changing and that's why the usage of "stud farm" might be declining. I am not sure. I just suggested a better alternative and that's all. – user140086 Nov 5 '15 at 16:55

I think the term you are looking for is stables with a riding-ground:

  • a building in which horses are kept, fed, and cared for (M-W)


Riding stable:

  • a place where horses are kept for people to ride.

Training stable:

  • a place for training horses, like starting young horses and re-educating grown ones.

enter image description here

  • Thanks Josh, but I am looking for a term of a broader facility (that would include stables, barn, riding track, obstacle course, etc etc. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 15:59
  • 2
    @Mindwin But a large stables would include those kinds of things - Shula in the Archers (BBC Radio soap) was expecting to install a wet facility, a training pool for her horses, but that got ruled out when she didn't get the expected family legacy. – WS2 Nov 5 '15 at 18:22
  • 1
    @WS2 tum tee tum tee tum tee taaa – Some_Guy Nov 5 '15 at 20:19

If the haras is a pretty large one, consider calling it a horse [breeding] spread


: (AmEng & CanEng) a large farm or ranch OED

: a ranch or homestead especially in the western United States M-W

  • 3
    I'm American, and I have heard the terms horse farm and a horse ranch but never horse spread. – GEdgar Nov 5 '15 at 15:40
  • @GEdgar regional feedback! maybe it is a canadian thing? – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 16:00
  • Elian, horse spread is more commonly used for racing and is less usually associated with a horse-exclusive facility. – Mindwin Nov 5 '15 at 16:20
  • @Mindwin Check this out, Mindwin books.google.fr/…. Merriam-Webster states "spread" as especially Western US merriam-webster.com/dictionary/spread – Elian Nov 5 '15 at 16:46
  • @GEdgar - In the TV show Bonanza, the Cartwrights had a ranch known as Pondurosa. It was a six hundred thousand acre spread. It's not a horse spread, the whole thing is a spread; a homestead. – Mazura Nov 6 '15 at 0:20

"Ranch" implies, if not denotes, work. If you are seeking a trained draft animal or a horse to herd cattle with, a ranch is the place you go. Horses are not intrinsically part of the definition, but are traditionally present. Thus, you would, if you were looking to get such a horse, specify "horse ranch".

If, on the other hand, you want a horse to race or tool about on, you hit up a trainer's stable. There are, as noted elsewhither herein, multiple sub-types of stables, but you don't need to specify further if those distinctions are not of interest. Similarly, it's accepted as a term for the entire complex and not just specifically the housing.

Re the dialects (Many USA) that I'm familiar with: Neither "horse ranch" nor "stable" will seem quaint if used as described. "Stud farm" would only seem off if used for more than a breeding ground. "Horse farm" would be clearly understood, but would sound a bit childish, and would not be taken to imply anything other than a breeding facility.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.