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Where is the root morpheme in the Old English cristalla (crystal) and cymen (cumin)? It seems to be wrong to identify the morphemes in loanwords from etymological point of view.

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There is an Old English word cristal,

Crystal: From Old English cristal (“clear ice/mineral”),

so I would assume that "cristalla" has the root of "cristal", and "-a" is a suffix.

For cumin:

From Old English cymen, from Latin cuminum,

The Latin cuminum is a second declension of "cumin", so the root in this case is the word itself, as it doesn't have any affix attached.

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  • 1
    Thank you. The arguments mentioned sound very persuasive. – subic Jun 3 '11 at 7:32

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