When writing a book on popular culture, I'm using italics to introduce a film title into my paragraph. In the next paragraph I refer to the film title again. Should I use italics on the second occasion, or stick with normal text?

I'm tempted to go for the latter - as over-use of italics would spoil the flow of the text, and the title has already been introduced to the reader.



Style guides differ on how to render film titles. The Chicago Manual of Style, for example, recommends using italics, whereas the AP Stylebook recommends using quotation marks. However, I can't think of any style guide that recommends using either italics or quotation marks on first mention but neither on subsequent mentions.

I have seen books that use boldface or (more often) boldface italics for the first mention and simple italics thereafter, but in that case the boldface is being used to signify "first mention" and italics to signify "film title."

With regard to your comment that "over-use of italics would spoil the flow of the text," my view is somewhat different from yours. Once an author has established the practice of using italics to identify film titles, I find it distracting to encounter the title in plain roman type later on; to me, switching from italics for film titles on first occurrence to no special treatment for them on subsequent occurrences amounts to underusing italics, just as including quotation marks on first occurrence but then dropping them on subsequent occurrences would amount to underusing quotation marks.

Once you've trained your readers to recognize that you are using italics or quotation marks indicate a film title, I don't think that you need to worry that applying the convention consistently will be distracting to readers or in any way harmful to the flow of the text.


Consider that you not using italics might confuse the reader still further, especially if they out down the book and picked it up again where they left off later.

I recommend using the Italics every time you refer to the movie, and if not Italics then quotation marks, or an underline.

  • Quotation marks would also work, but italics are conventional for titles and their meaning would be instantly understood. Italics are used for things like mild emphasis because they don't spoil the flow of the text. Underlines are rarely seen in type because they do spoil the flow and don't look good. – Chris H Oct 18 '15 at 18:48
  • That's why my original recommendation was Italics, the other suggestions were to try to cater to OPs wants – Academiphile Oct 18 '15 at 18:55

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